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Conformal Cytocompatible Ferrite Coatings Facilitate the Realization of a Nanovoyager in Human Blood

Venugopalan, Pooyath Lekshmy and Sai, Ranajit and Chandorkar, Yashoda and Basu, Bikramjit and Shivashankar, Srinivasrao and Ghosh, Ambarish (2014) Conformal Cytocompatible Ferrite Coatings Facilitate the Realization of a Nanovoyager in Human Blood. In: NANO LETTERS, 14 (4). pp. 1968-1975.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl404815q

Abstract

Controlled motion of artificial nanomotors in biological environments, such as blood, can lead to fascinating biomedical applications, ranging from targeted drug delivery to microsurgery and many more. In spite of the various strategies used in fabricating and actuating nanomotors, practical issues related to fuel requirement, corrosion, and liquid viscosity have limited the motion of nanomotors to model systems such as water, serum, or biofluids diluted with toxic chemical fuels, such as hydrogen peroxide. As we demonstrate here, integrating conformal ferrite coatings with magnetic nanohelices offer a promising combination of functionalities for having controlled motion in practical biological fluids, such as chemical stability, cytocompatibility, and the generated thrust. These coatings were found to be stable in various biofluids, including human blood, even after overnight incubation, and did not have significant influence on the propulsion efficiency of the magnetically driven nanohelices, thereby facilitating the first successful ``voyage'' of artificial nanomotors in human blood. The motion of the ``nanovoyager'' was found to show interesting stick-slip dynamics, an effect originating in the colloidal jamming of blood cells in the plasma. The system of magnetic ``nanovoyagers'' was found to be cytocompatible with C2C12 mouse myoblast cells, as confirmed using MTT assay and fluorescence microscopy observations of cell morphology. Taken together, the results presented in this work establish the suitability of the ``nanovoyager'' with conformal ferrite coatings toward biomedical applications.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Artificial nanomotors; Magnetic propellers; Nanovoyagers; Cytotoxicity; Conformal Ferrite coating; Human blood
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2014 08:44
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2014 08:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49141

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