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A reexamination of some puzzling results in linearized elasticity

Jog, CS and Cherukuri, HarishP (2014) A reexamination of some puzzling results in linearized elasticity. In: SADHANA-ACADEMY PROCEEDINGS IN ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 39 (1). pp. 139-147.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12046-013-0194-5

Abstract

In this paper, we analyse three commonly discussed `flaws' of linearized elasticity theory and attempt to resolve them. The first `flaw' concerns cylindrically orthotropic material models. Since the work of Lekhnitskii (1968), there has been a growing body of work that continues to this day, that shows that infinite stresses arise with the use of a cylindrically orthotropic material model even in the case of linearized elasticity. Besides infinite stresses, interpenetration of matter is also shown to occur. These infinite stresses and interpenetration occur when the ratio of the circumferential Young modulus to the radial Young modulus is less than one. If the ratio is greater than one, then the stresses at the center of a spinning disk are found to be zero (recall that for an isotropic material model, the stresses are maximum at the center). Thus, the stresses go abruptly from a maximum value to a value of zero as the ratio is increased to a value even slightly above one! One of the explanations provided for this extremely anomalous behaviour is the failure of linearized elasticity to satisfy material frame-indifference. However, if this is the true cause, then the anomalous behaviour should also occur with the use of an isotropic material model, where, no such anomalies are observed. We show that the real cause of the problem is elsewhere and also show how these anomalies can be resolved. We also discuss how the formulation of linearized elastodynamics in the case of small deformations superposed on a rigid motion can be given in a succinct manner. Finally, we show how the long-standing problem of devising three compatibility relations instead of six can be resolved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the INDIAN ACAD SCIENCES, INDIA
Keywords: Linearized elasticity; singularities; compatibility; orthotropy; isotropy; elastodynamics
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 13 May 2014 11:37
Last Modified: 13 May 2014 11:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48994

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