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Exfoliated graphite/titanium dioxide nanocomposites for photodegradation of eosin yellow

Ndlovu, Thabile and Kuvarega, Alex T and Arotiba, Omotayo A and Sampath, Srinivasan and Krause, Rui W and Mamba, Bhekie B (2014) Exfoliated graphite/titanium dioxide nanocomposites for photodegradation of eosin yellow. In: APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, 300 . pp. 159-164.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.02.027

Abstract

An improved photocatalyst consisting of a nanocomposite of exfoliated graphite and titanium dioxide (EG-TiO2) was prepared. SEM and TEM micrographs showed that the spherical TiO2 nanoparticles were evenly distributed on the surface of the EG sheets. A four times photocatalytic enhancement was observed for this floating nanocomposite compared to TiO2 and EG alone for the degradation of eosin yellow. For all the materials, the reactions followed first order kinetics where for EG-TiO2, the rate constant was much higher than for EG and TiO2 under visible light irradiation. The enhanced photocatalytic activity of EG-TiO2 was ascribed to the capability of graphitic layers to accept and transport electrons from the excited TiO2, promoting charge separation. This indicates that carbon, a cheap and abundant material, can be a good candidate as an electron attracting reservoir for photocatalytic organic pollutant degradation. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Photocatalysis; Nanocomposite; Photodegradation; Visible light; Exfoliated graphite; Water pollutiona
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 21 May 2014 10:56
Last Modified: 21 May 2014 10:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48972

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