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Investigation on the Sr-doped ceria Ce1-xSrO2-delta (x=0.05-0.2) as an electrolyte for intermediate temperature SOFC

Anjaneya, KC and Nayaka, GP and Manjanna, J and Kumar, Ashwin VM and Govindaraj, G and Ganesha, KN (2014) Investigation on the Sr-doped ceria Ce1-xSrO2-delta (x=0.05-0.2) as an electrolyte for intermediate temperature SOFC. In: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 598 . pp. 33-40.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.01.242

Abstract

The effect of Sr doping in CeO2 for its use as solid electrolytes for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) has been explored here. Ce1-xSrxO2-delta (x = 0.05-0.2) are successfully synthesized by citrate-complexation method. XRD, Raman, FT-IR, FE-SEM/EDX and electrochemical impedance spectra are used for structural and electrical characterizations. The formation of well crystalline cubic fluorite structured solid solution is observed for x = 0.05 based on XRD and Raman spectra. For compositions i.e., x > 0.05, however, a secondary phase of SrCeO3 is confirmed by the peak at 342 cm(-1) in Raman spectra. Although the oxygen ion conductivity was found to decrease with increase in x, based on ac-impedance studies, conductivity of Ce0.95Sr0.05O2-delta was found to be higher than of Ce0.95Gd0.1O2-delta and Ce0.8Gd0.2O2-delta. The decrease in conductivity of Ce1-xSrxO2-delta with increasing dopant concentration is ascribed to formation of impurity phase SrCeO3 as well as the formation of neutral associated pairs, Se `' Ce V-o. The activation energies are found to be 0.77, 0.83, 0.85 and 0.90 eV for x = 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.20, respectively. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND
Keywords: Ceramics; Solid oxide fuel cell; Chemical synthesis; Ionic conductivity; Impedance spectroscopy
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2014 06:02
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2014 06:02
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48971

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