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Assessment of Seismically Induced Landslide Hazard for the State of Karnataka Using GIS Technique

James, Naveen and Sitharam, TG (2014) Assessment of Seismically Induced Landslide Hazard for the State of Karnataka Using GIS Technique. In: JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN SOCIETY OF REMOTE SENSING, 42 (1). pp. 73-89.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12524-013-0306-z

Abstract

Landslide hazards are a major natural disaster that affects most of the hilly regions around the world. In India, significant damages due to earthquake induced landslides have been reported in the Himalayan region and also in the Western Ghat region. Thus there is a requirement of a quantitative macro-level landslide hazard assessment within the Indian subcontinent in order to identify the regions with high hazard. In the present study, the seismic landslide hazard for the entire state of Karnataka, India was assessed using topographic slope map, derived from the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data. The available ASTER DEM data, resampled to 50 m resolution, was used for deriving the slope map of the entire state. Considering linear source model, deterministic seismic hazard analysis was carried out to estimate peak horizontal acceleration (PHA) at bedrock, for each of the grid points having terrain angle 10A degrees and above. The surface level PHA was estimated using nonlinear site amplification technique, considering B-type NEHRP site class. Based on the surface level PHA and slope angle, the seismic landslide hazard for each grid point was estimated in terms of the static factor of safety required to resist landslide, using Newmark's analysis. The analysis was carried out at the district level and the landslide hazard map for all the districts in the Karnataka state was developed first. These were then merged together to obtain a quantitative seismic landslide hazard map of the entire state of Karnataka. Spatial variations in the landslide hazard for all districts as well as for the entire state Karnataka is presented in this paper. The present study shows that the Western Ghat region of the Karnataka state is found to have high landslide hazard where the static factor of safety required to resist landslide is very high.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, USA
Keywords: PHA; DEM; Landslide hazard; DSHA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 13 May 2014 07:10
Last Modified: 13 May 2014 07:10
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48959

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