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RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of Japanese encephalitis virus binds the initiator nucleotide GTP to form a mechanistically important pre-initiation state

Surana, Parag and Satchidanandam, Vijaya and Nair, Deepak T (2014) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of Japanese encephalitis virus binds the initiator nucleotide GTP to form a mechanistically important pre-initiation state. In: NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH, 42 (4). pp. 2758-2773.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkt1106

Abstract

Flaviviral RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RdRps) initiate replication of the single-stranded RNA genome in the absence of a primer. The template sequence 5'-CU-3' at the 3'-end of the flaviviral genome is highly conserved. Surprisingly, flaviviral RdRps require high concentrations of the second incoming nucleotide GTP to catalyze de novo template-dependent RNA synthesis. We show that GTP stimulates de novo RNA synthesis by RdRp from Japanese encephalitis virus (jRdRp) also. Crystal structures of jRdRp complexed with GTP and ATP provide a basis for specific recognition of GTP. Comparison of the jRdRp(GTP) structure with other viral RdRp-GTP structures shows that GTP binds jRdRp in a novel conformation. Apo-jRdRp structure suggests that the conserved motif F of jRdRp occupies multiple conformations in absence of GTP. Motif F becomes ordered on GTP binding and occludes the nucleotide triphosphate entry tunnel. Mutational analysis of key residues that interact with GTP evinces that the jRdRp(GTP) structure represents a novel pre-initiation state. Also, binding studies show that GTP binding reduces affinity of RdRp for RNA, but the presence of the catalytic Mn2+ ion abolishes this inhibition. Collectively, these observations suggest that the observed pre-initiation state may serve as a check-point to prevent erroneous template-independent RNA synthesis by jRdRp during initiation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the OXFORD UNIV PRESS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 21 May 2014 06:44
Last Modified: 21 May 2014 06:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48871

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