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Seismic microzonation of a nuclear power plant site with detailed geotechnical, geophysical and site effect studies

James, Naveen and Sitharam, TG and Padmanabhan, G and Pillai, CS (2014) Seismic microzonation of a nuclear power plant site with detailed geotechnical, geophysical and site effect studies. In: NATURAL HAZARDS, 71 (1). pp. 419-462.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11069-013-0919-0

Abstract

This paper highlights the seismic microzonation carried out for a nuclear power plant site. Nuclear power plants are considered to be one of the most important and critical structures designed to withstand all natural disasters. Seismic microzonation is a process of demarcating a region into individual areas having different levels of various seismic hazards. This will help in identifying regions having high seismic hazard which is vital for engineering design and land-use planning. The main objective of this paper is to carry out the seismic microzonation of a nuclear power plant site situated in the east coast of South India, based on the spatial distribution of the hazard index value. The hazard index represents the consolidated effect of all major earthquake hazards and hazard influencing parameters. The present work will provide new directions for assessing the seismic hazards of new power plant sites in the country. Major seismic hazards considered for the evaluation of the hazard index are (1) intensity of ground shaking at bedrock, (2) site amplification, (3) liquefaction potential and (4) the predominant frequency of the earthquake motion at the surface. The intensity of ground shaking in terms of peak horizontal acceleration (PHA) was estimated for the study area using both deterministic and probabilistic approaches with logic tree methodology. The site characterization of the study area has been carried out using the multichannel analysis of surface waves test and available borehole data. One-dimensional ground response analysis was carried out at major locations within the study area for evaluating PHA and spectral accelerations at the ground surface. Based on the standard penetration test data, deterministic as well as probabilistic liquefaction hazard analysis has been carried out for the entire study area. Finally, all the major earthquake hazards estimated above, and other significant parameters representing local geology were integrated using the analytic hierarchy process and hazard index map for the study area was prepared. Maps showing the spatial variation of seismic hazards (intensity of ground shaking, liquefaction potential and predominant frequency) and hazard index are presented in this work.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to
Keywords: Earthquakes; PHA; DSHA; PSHA; Hazard; Liquefaction; Site response; Logic tree
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2014 07:39
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2014 07:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48716

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