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The translation initiation factor DAP5 promotes IRES-driven translation of p53 mRNA

Weingarten-Gabbay, S and Khan, D and Liberman, N and Yoffe, Y and Bialik, S and Das, S and Oren, M and Kimchi, A (2014) The translation initiation factor DAP5 promotes IRES-driven translation of p53 mRNA. In: ONCOGENE, 33 (5). pp. 611-618.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/onc.2012.626

Abstract

Translational regulation of the p53 mRNA can determine the ratio between p53 and its N-terminal truncated isoforms and therefore has a significant role in determining p53-regulated signaling pathways. Although its importance in cell fate decisions has been demonstrated repeatedly, little is known about the regulatory mechanisms that determine this ratio. Two internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs) residing within the 5'UTR and the coding sequence of p53 mRNA drive the translation of full-length p53 and Delta 40p53 isoform, respectively. Here, we report that DAP5, a translation initiation factor shown to positively regulate the translation of various IRES containing mRNAs, promotes IRES-driven translation of p53 mRNA. Upon DAP5 depletion, p53 and Delta 40p53 protein levels were decreased, with a greater effect on the N-terminal truncated isoform. Functional analysis using bicistronic vectors driving the expression of a reporter gene from each of these two IRESs indicated that DAP5 preferentially promotes translation from the second IRES residing in the coding sequence. Furthermore, p53 mRNA expressed from a plasmid carrying this second IRES was selectively shifted to lighter polysomes upon DAP5 knockdown. Consequently, Delta 40p53 protein levels and the subsequent transcriptional activation of the 14-3-3 sigma gene, a known target of Delta 40p53, were strongly reduced. In addition, we show here that DAP5 interacts with p53 IRES elements in in vitro and in vivo binding studies, proving for the first time that DAP5 directly binds a target mRNA. Thus, through its ability to regulate IRES-dependent translation of the p53 mRNA, DAP5 may control the ratio between different p53 isoforms encoded by a single mRNA.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, ENGLAND
Keywords: p53; Delta 40p53; DAP5; IRES; translational control
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2014 11:22
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2014 11:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48639

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