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Isolation and characterization of biofumigant from leaves of Lantana camara for control of stored grain insect pests

Rajashekar, Yallappa and Kumar, Honnaiah Vijay and Ravindra, Kothapalli V and Bakthavatsalam, Nandagopal (2013) Isolation and characterization of biofumigant from leaves of Lantana camara for control of stored grain insect pests. In: INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS, 51 . pp. 224-228.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.09.006

Abstract

Due to environmental concerns, health hazards to man and the evolution of resistance in insect pests, there have been constant efforts to discover newer insecticides both from natural sources and by chemical synthesis. Natural sources for novel molecules hold promise in view of their eco-friendly nature, selectivity and mammalian safety. We have isolated one natural bioactive molecule from the leaves of Lantana camara named Coumaran, based on various physical-chemical and spectroscopic techniques (IR, H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR and MS). Coumaran is highly toxic and very low concentration is needed for control of stored product insects. This molecule has potent grain protectant potential and caused significant reduction in F1 progeny of all the three species in the treated grain and the progeny was completely suppressed at 30 mu g/l. The differences in germination between the control and treated grains were not significant. The lack of any adverse effect of Coumaran on the seed germination is highly desirable for a grain protectant, becoming a potential source of biofumigant for economical and environmentally friendly pest control strategies against stored grain pests during storage of grains or pulses. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Lantana camara; Coumaran; Biofumigant; Stored grain insect pests; Grain Protectants; Seed viability
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2014 10:11
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2014 10:11
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48570

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