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A cationic cholesterol based nanocarrier for the delivery of p53-EGFP-C3 plasmid to cancer cells

Misra, Santosh K. and Naz, Sarwat and Kondaiah, Paturu and Bhattacharya, Santanu (2014) A cationic cholesterol based nanocarrier for the delivery of p53-EGFP-C3 plasmid to cancer cells. In: BIOMATERIALS, 35 (4). pp. 1334-1346.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.10....

Abstract

The p53 protein mediated anti-tumor strategy is limited due to the lack of suitable delivery agent with insignificant immunogenic response, serum compatibility, and early and easy detection of the transfected cell population. To overcome these problems, we generated a p53-EGFP-C3 fusion construct which expressed easily detectable green fluorescence protein (GFP) and allowed an estimation of p53 mediated anti-tumor activity. A mixture of cationic cholesterol gemini (Choi-5L) with natural lipid, DOPE (molar ratio 1:4), acronymed as Chol-5LD, formed a nano-liposome as characterized by various physical methods. The prepared clone was evaluated for the expression of GFP and functional p53 in HeLa and two additional cell lines with varied p53 status namely, H1299 (p53(-/-)) and HEK293T (p53(+/+)). Transfected cells were screened using RT-PCR, Western blotting, FACS analysis, MTT, Trypan blue assay and visualized under a fluorescence microscope. The p53-EGFP-C3 fusion protein induced apoptosis in cancer cells as evident from DNA fragmentation, cell cycle analysis, Annexin-V staining and PARP cleavage assays. The transfection and apoptosis induction efficiency of Chol-5LD was significantly higher than commercial reagents Lipofectamine2000 and Effectene irrespective of the cell lines examined. Further it significantly decreases the xenograft tumor volume in nude mice tumors via apoptosis as observed in H&E staining. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCI LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
Keywords: Cationic cholesterol; Nanocomposite; Gene therapy; Gene transfer; Serum; Xenograft tumor regression
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2014 10:48
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2014 10:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48556

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