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Effects of elastase and collagenase on the nonlinearity and anisotropy of porcine aorta

Gundiah, Namrata and Babu, Anju R and Pruitt, Lisa A (2013) Effects of elastase and collagenase on the nonlinearity and anisotropy of porcine aorta. In: PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT, 34 (12). pp. 1657-1673.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0967-3334/34/12/1657

Abstract

We use enzymatic manipulation methods to investigate the individual and combined roles of elastin and collagen on arterial mechanics. Porcine aortic tissues were treated for differing amounts of time using enzymes elastase and collagenase to cause degradation in substrate proteins elastin and collagen and obtain variable tissue architecture. We use equibiaxial mechanical tests to quantify the material properties of control and enzyme treated tissues and histological methods to visualize the underlying tissue microstructure in arterial tissues. Our results show that collagenase treated tissues were more compliant in the longitudinal direction as compared to control tissues. Collagenase treatment also caused a decrease in the tissue nonlinearity as compared to the control samples in the study. A one hour collagenase treatment was sufficient to cause fragmentation and degradation of the adventitial collagen. In contrast, elastase treatment leads to significantly stiffer tissue response associated with fragmented and incomplete elastin networks in the tissue. Thus, elastin in arterial walls distributes tensile stresses whereas collagen serves to reinforce the vessel wall in the circumferential direction and also contributes to tissue anisotropy. A microstructurally motivated strain energy function based on circumferentially oriented medial fibers and helically oriented collagen fibers in the adventitia is useful in describing these experimental results.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to IOP PUBLISHING LTD,ENGLAND
Keywords: biaxial mechanics; constitutive model; elastase; collagenase; nonlinearity; anisotropy
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2014 11:29
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2014 11:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48273

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