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Reach task-associated excitatory overdrive of motor cortical neurons following infusion with ALS-CSF

Sankaranarayani, R and Raghavan, Mohan and Nalini, A and Laxmi, TR and Raju, TR (2014) Reach task-associated excitatory overdrive of motor cortical neurons following infusion with ALS-CSF. In: JOURNAL OF NEURAL TRANSMISSION, 121 (1). pp. 49-58.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00702-013-1071-4

Abstract

Converging evidence from transgenic animal models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and human studies suggest alterations in excitability of the motor neurons in ALS. Specifically, in studies on human subjects with ALS the motor cortex was reported to be hyperexcitable. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that infusion of cerebrospinal fluid from patients with sporadic ALS (ALS-CSF) into the rat brain ventricle can induce hyperexcitability and structural changes in the motor cortex leading to motor dysfunction. A robust model of sporadic ALS was developed experimentally by infusing ALS-CSF into the rat ventricle. The effects of ALS-CSF at the single neuron level were examined by recording extracellular single unit activity from the motor cortex while rats were performing a reach to grasp task. We observed an increase in the firing rate of the neurons of the motor cortex in rats infused with ALS-CSF compared to control groups. This was associated with impairment in a specific component of reach with alterations in the morphological characteristics of the motor cortex. It is likely that the increased cortical excitability observed in the present study could be the result of changes in the intrinsic properties of motor cortical neurons, a dysfunctional inhibitory mechanism and/or an underlying structural change culminating in a behavioral deficit.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to SPRINGER WIEN,AUSTRIA
Keywords: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Rat motor cortex; Single unit activity; Reach to grasp task; Firing rate; CSF infusion
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2014 07:12
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2018 09:15
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48256

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