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Nitrogen deposition: how important is it for global terrestrial carbon uptake?

Bala, G and Devaraju, N and Chaturvedi, RK and Caldeira, Ken and Nemani, R (2013) Nitrogen deposition: how important is it for global terrestrial carbon uptake? In: Biogeosciences, 10 (11). pp. 7147-7160.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-7147-2013

Abstract

Global carbon budget studies indicate that the terrestrial ecosystems have remained a large sink for carbon despite widespread deforestation activities. CO2 fertilization, N deposition and re-growth of mid-latitude forests are believed to be key drivers for land carbon uptake. In this study, we assess the importance of N deposition by performing idealized near-equilibrium simulations using the Community Land Model 4.0 (CLM4). In our equilibrium simulations, only 12-17% of the deposited nitrogen is assimilated into the ecosystem and the corresponding carbon uptake can be inferred from a C : N ratio of 20 : 1. We calculate the sensitivity of the terrestrial biosphere for CO2 fertilization, climate warming and N deposition as changes in total ecosystem carbon for unit changes in global mean atmospheric CO2 concentration, global mean temperature and Tera grams of nitrogen deposition per year, respectively. Based on these sensitivities, it is estimated that about 242 PgC could have been taken up by land due to the CO2 fertilization effect and an additional 175 PgC taken up as a result of the increased N deposition since the pre-industrial period. Because of climate warming, the terrestrial ecosystem could have lost about 152 PgC during the same period. Therefore, since pre-industrial times terrestrial carbon losses due to warming may have been more or less compensated by effects of increased N deposition, whereas the effect of CO2 fertilization is approximately indicative of the current increase in terrestrial carbon stock. Our simulations also suggest that the sensitivity of carbon storage to increased N deposition decreases beyond current levels, indicating that climate warming effects on carbon storage may overwhelm N deposition effects in the future.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Copernicus Gesellschaft mbH.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2014 10:59
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 05:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48124

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