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Induction of Supramolecular Chirality in the Self-Assemblies of Lipophilic Pyrimidine Derivatives by Choice of the Amino Acid-Based Chiral Spacer

Datta, Sougata and Samanta, Suman K and Bhattacharya, Santanu (2013) Induction of Supramolecular Chirality in the Self-Assemblies of Lipophilic Pyrimidine Derivatives by Choice of the Amino Acid-Based Chiral Spacer. In: CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 19 (34). pp. 11364-11373.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.201300605

Abstract

A new family of supramolecular organogelators, based on chiral amino acid derivatives of 2,4,6-trichloro-pyrimidine-5-carbaldehyde, has been synthesized. L-alanine was incorporated as a spacer between the pyrimidine core and long hydrocarbon tails to compare the effect of chirality and hydrogen bonding to that of the achiral analogue. The role of aromatic moiety on the chiral spacer was also investigated by introducing L-phenyl alanine moieties. The presence of intermolecular hydrogen-bonding leading to the chiral self-assembly was probed by concentration-dependent FTIR and UV/Vis spectroscopies, in addition to circular dichroism (CD) studies. Temperature and concentration-dependent CD spectroscopy ascribed to the formation of -sheet-type H-bonded networks. The morphology and the arrangements of the molecules in the freeze-dried gels were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Calculation of the length of each molecular system by energy minimization in its extended conformation and comparison with the small-angle XRD pattern reveals that this class of gelator molecules adopts a lamellar organization. Polarized optical microscopy (POM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) indicate that the solid state phase behavior of these molecules is totally dependent on the choice of their amino acid spacers. Structure-induced aggregation properties based on the H-bonding motifs and the packing of the molecule in three dimensions leading to gelation was elucidated by rheological studies. However, viscoelasticity was shown to depend only marginally on the H-bonding interactions; rather it depends on the packing of the gelators to a greater extent.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Wiley
Keywords: amino acid; cotton effect; helical nanofiber; hydrogen bonding; self-assembly; viscoelasticity
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2013 11:49
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2013 11:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47519

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