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Transition and acoustic response of recirculation structures in an unconfined co-axial isothermal swirling flow

Santhosh, R and Miglani, Ankur and Basua, Saptarshi (2013) Transition and acoustic response of recirculation structures in an unconfined co-axial isothermal swirling flow. In: PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, 25 (8).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4817665

Abstract

This paper reports the first observations of transition from a pre-vortex breakdown (Pre-VB) flowreversal to a fully developed central toroidal recirculation zone in a non-reacting, double-concentric swirling jet configuration and its response to longitudinal acoustic excitation. This transition proceeds with the formation of two intermediate, critical flow regimes. First, a partially penetrated vortex breakdown bubble (VBB) is formed that indicates the first occurrence of an enclosed structure as the centre jet penetration is suppressed by the growing outer roll-up eddy; resulting in an opposed flow stagnation region. Second, a metastable transition structure is formed that marks the collapse of inner mixing vortices. In this study, the time-averaged topological changes in the coherent recirculation structures are discussed based on the non-dimensional modified Rossby number (Ro(m)) which appears to describe the spreading of the zone of swirl influence in different flow regimes. Further, the time-mean global acoustic response of pre-VB and VBB is measured as a function of pulsing frequency using the relative aerodynamic blockage factor (i.e., maximum radial width of the inner recirculation zone). It is observed that all flow modes except VBB are structurally unstable as they exhibit severe transverse radial shrinkage (similar to 20%) at the burner Helmholtz resonant modes (100-110 Hz). In contrast, all flow regimes show positional instability as seen by the large-scale, asymmetric spatial shifting of the vortex core centres. Finally, the mixing transfer function M (f) and magnitude squared coherence lambda(2)(f) analysis is presented to determine the natural couplingmodes of the system dynamic parameters (u', p'), i.e., local acoustic response. It is seen that the pre-VB flow mode exhibits a narrow-band, low pass filter behavior with a linear response window of 100-105 Hz. However, in the VBB structure, presence of critical regions such as the opposed flow stagnation region alters the linearity range with the structure showing a response even at higher pulsing frequencies (100-300 Hz). (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article is belongs to AMER INST PHYSICS
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2013 11:26
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2013 11:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47500

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