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Intravenous immunoglobulin expands regulatory T cells via induction of cyclooxygenase-2-dependent prostaglandin E2 in human dendritic cells

Trinath, Jamma and Hegde, Pushpa and Sharma, Meenu and Maddur, Mohan S and Rabin, Magalie and Vallat, Jean-Michel and Magy, Laurent and Balaji, Kithiganahalli N and Kaveri, Srini V and Bayry, Jagadeesh (2013) Intravenous immunoglobulin expands regulatory T cells via induction of cyclooxygenase-2-dependent prostaglandin E2 in human dendritic cells. In: Blood, 122 (8). pp. 1419-1427.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2012-11-468264

Abstract

CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a critical role in the maintenance of immune tolerance. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), a therapeutic preparation of normal pooled human IgG, expands Tregs in various experimental models and in patients. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which IVIg expands Tregs are relatively unknown. As Treg expansion in the periphery requires signaling by antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells (DCs) and IVIg has been demonstrated to modulate DC functions, we hypothesized that IVIg induces distinct signaling events in DCs that subsequently mediate Treg expansion. We demonstrate that IVIg expands Tregs via induction of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-dependent prostaglandin E2 (PGE(2)) in human DCs. However, costimulatory molecules of DCs such as programmed death ligands, OX40 ligand, and inducible T-cell costimulator ligands were not implicated. Inhibition of PGE(2) synthesis by COX-2 inhibitors prevented IVIg-mediated Treg expansion in vitro and significantly diminished IVIg-mediated Treg expansion in vivo and protection from disease in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model. IVIg-mediated COX-2 expression, PGE(2) production, and Treg expansion were mediated in part via interaction of IVIg and F(ab('))(2) fragments of IVIg with DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing nonintegrin. Our results thus uncover novel cellular and molecular mechanism by which IVIg expands Tregs.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society of Hematology.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2013 08:27
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 08:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47394

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