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Penetrative phototactic bioconvection in an isotropic scattering suspension

Panda, MK and Ghorai, S (2013) Penetrative phototactic bioconvection in an isotropic scattering suspension. In: PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, 25 (7).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4813402

Abstract

Phototaxis is a directed swimming response dependent upon the light intensity sensed by micro-organisms. Positive (negative) phototaxis denotes the motion directed towards (away from) the source of light. Using the phototaxis model of Ghorai, Panda, and Hill ''Bioconvection in a suspension of isotropically scattering phototactic algae,'' Phys. Fluids 22, 071901 (2010)], we investigate two-dimensional phototactic bioconvection in an absorbing and isotropic scattering suspension in the nonlinear regime. The suspension is confined by a rigid bottom boundary, and stress-free top and lateral boundaries. The governing equations for phototactic bioconvection consist of Navier-Stokes equations for an incompressible fluid coupled with a conservation equation for micro-organisms and the radiative transfer equation for light transport. The governing system is solved efficiently using a semi-implicit second-order accurate conservative finite-difference method. The radiative transfer equation is solved by the finite volume method using a suitable step scheme. The resulting bioconvective patterns differ qualitatively from those found by Ghorai and Hill ''Penetrative phototactic bioconvection,'' Phys. Fluids 17, 074101 (2005)] at a higher critical wavelength due to the effects of scattering. The solutions show transition from steady state to periodic oscillations as the governing parameters are varied. Also, we notice the accumulation of micro-organisms in two horizontal layers at two different depths via their mean swimming orientation profile for some governing parameters at a higher scattering albedo. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: AMER INST PHYSICS, USA.
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Supercomputer Education & Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2013 10:39
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2013 10:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47311

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