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Stable hybrid containing haploid genomes of two obligate diploid Candida species

Chakraborty, Uttara and Mohamed, Aiyaz and Kakade, Pallavi and Mugasimangalam, Raja C and Sadhale, Parag P and Sanyal, Kaustuv (2013) Stable hybrid containing haploid genomes of two obligate diploid Candida species. In: Eukaryotic Cell, 12 (8). pp. 1061-1071.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/EC.00002-13

Abstract

Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis are diploid, predominantly asexual human-pathogenic yeasts. In this study, we constructed tetraploid (4n) strains of C. albicans of the same or different lineages by spheroplast fusion. Induction of chromosome loss in the tetraploid C. albicans generated diploid or near-diploid progeny strains but did not produce any haploid progeny. We also constructed stable heterotetraploid somatic hybrid strains (2n + 2n) of C. albicans and C. dubliniensis by spheroplast fusion. Heterodiploid (n + n) progeny hybrids were obtained after inducing chromosome loss in a stable heterotetraploid hybrid. To identify a subset of hybrid heterodiploid progeny strains carrying at least one copy of all chromosomes of both species, unique centromere sequences of various chromosomes of each species were used as markers in PCR analysis. The reduction of chromosome content was confirmed by a comparative genome hybridization (CGH) assay. The hybrid strains were found to be stably propagated. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays with antibodies against centromere-specific histones (C. albicans Cse4/C. dubliniensis Cse4) revealed that the centromere identity of chromosomes of each species is maintained in the hybrid genomes of the heterotetraploid and heterodiploid strains. Thus, our results suggest that the diploid genome content is not obligatory for the survival of either C. albicans or C. dubliniensis. In keeping with the recent discovery of the existence of haploid C. albicans strains, the heterodiploid strains of our study can be excellent tools for further species-specific genome elimination, yielding true haploid progeny of C. albicans or C. dubliniensis in future.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Microbiology.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2013 13:01
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2013 06:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47249

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