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Quantum entropic ambiguities: Ethylene

Balachandran, AP and Queiroz, Amilcar and Vaidya, S (2013) Quantum entropic ambiguities: Ethylene. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 88 (2).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.025001

Abstract

In a quantum system, there may be many density matrices associated with a state on an algebra of observables. For each density matrix, one can compute its entropy. These are, in general, different. Therefore, one reaches the remarkable possibility that there may be many entropies for a given state R. Sorkin (private communication)]. This ambiguity in entropy can often be traced to a gauge symmetry emergent from the nontrivial topological character of the configuration space of the underlying system. It can also happen in finite-dimensional matrix models. In the present work, we discuss this entropy ambiguity and its consequences for an ethylene molecule. This is a very simple and well-known system, where these notions can be put to tests. Of particular interest in this discussion is the fact that the change of the density matrix with the corresponding entropy increase drives the system towards the maximally disordered state with maximum entropy, where Boltzman's formula applies. Besides its intrinsic conceptual interest, the simplicity of this model can serve as an introduction to a similar discussion of systems such as colored monopoles and the breaking of color symmetry.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article is belongs to AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2013 07:17
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2013 07:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47050

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