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Nanostructured GdxZn1-xO thin films by nebulizer spray pyrolysis technique: Role of doping concentration on the structural and optical properties

Mariappan, R and Ponnuswamy, V and Suresh, P and Suresh, R and Ragavendar, M (2013) Nanostructured GdxZn1-xO thin films by nebulizer spray pyrolysis technique: Role of doping concentration on the structural and optical properties. In: Superlattices and Microstructures, 59 . pp. 47-59.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spmi.2013.03.009

Abstract

Nanostructured GdxZn1-xO thin films with different Gd concentration from 0% to 10% deposited at 400 degrees C using the NSF technique. The films were characterized by structural, surface and optical properties, respectively. X-ray diffraction analysis shows that the Gd doped ZnO films have lattice parameters a = 3.2497 angstrom and c = 5.2018 angstrom with hexagonal structure and preferential orientation along (002) plane. The estimated values compare well with the standard values. When film thickness increases from 222 to 240 nm a high visible region transmittance (>70%) is observed. The optical band gap energy, optical constants (n and k), complex dielectric constants (epsilon(r), and epsilon(i)) and optical conductivities (sigma(r), and sigma(i)) were calculated from optical transmittance data. The optical band gap energy is 3.2 eV for pure ZnO film and 3.6 eV for Gd0.1Zn0.9-O film. The PL studies confirm the presence of a strong UV emission peak at 399 nm. Besides, the UV emission of ZnO films decreases with the increase of Gd doping concentration correspondingly the ultra-violet emission is replaced by blue and green emissions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Nebulizer Spray Pyrolysis; Structural Properties; Optical Properties
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2013 07:15
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2013 07:15
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46848

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