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A novel adeno-associated virus serotype (AAV)-8 capsid mutant improves human coagulation factor IX expression in vivo

Sen, Dwaipayan and Gadkari, Rupali A and Sudha, Govindarajan and Gabriel, Nishanth and Ramya, V and Nair, Sukesh C and Srinivasan, N and Srivastava, Alok and Jayandharan, Giridhara R (2013) A novel adeno-associated virus serotype (AAV)-8 capsid mutant improves human coagulation factor IX expression in vivo. In: Molecular Therapy, 21 (1). S47-S47.

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Recombinant AAV-8 vectors have shown significant promise for hepatic gene therapy of hemophilia B. However, the theme of AAV vector dose dependent immunotoxicity seen with AAV2 vectors earlier seem to re-emerge with AAV8 vectors as well. It is therefore important to develop novel AAV8 vectors that provide enhanced gene expression at significantly less vector doses. We hypothesized that AAV8 during its intracellular trafficking, are targeted for destruction in the cytoplasm by the host-cellular kinase/ubiquitination/proteasomal degradation machinery and modification of specific serine/threonine kinase or ubiquitination targets on AAV8 capsid (Fig.1A) may improve its transduction efficiency. To test this, point mutations at specific serine (S)/threonine (T) > alanine (A) or lysine (K)>arginine (R) residues were generated on AAV8 capsid. scAAV8-EGFP vectors containing the wild-type (WT) and each one of the 5 S/T/K-mutant(S276A, S501A, S671A, T251A and K137R) capsids were evaluated for their liver transduction efficiency at a dose of 5 X 1010 vgs/ animal in C57BL/6 mice in vivo. The best performing mutant was found to be the K137R vector in terms of either the gene expression (46-fold) or the vector copy numbers in the hepatocytes (22-fold) compared to WT-AAV8 (Fig.1B). The K137R-AAV8 vector that showed significantly decreased ubiquitination of the viral capsid had reduced activation of markers of innate immune response [IL-6, IL-12, tumor necrosis factor α, Kupffer cells and TLR-9]. In addition, animals injected with the K137R mutant also demonstrated decreased (2-fold) levels of cross-neutralizing antibodies when compared to animals that received the WT-AAV8 vector. To study further the utility of the novel AAV8-K137R mutant in a therapeutic setting, we delivered human coagulation factor IX (h.FIX) under the control of liver specific promoters (LP1 or hAAT) at two different doses (2.5x10^10 and 1x10^11 vgs per mouse) in 8-12 weeks old male C57BL/6 mice. As can be seen in Fig.1C/D, the circulating levels of h.FIX were higher in all the K137R-AAV8 treated groups as compared to the WT-AAV8 treated groups either at 2 weeks (62% vs 37% for hAAT constructs and 47% vs 21% for LP1 constructs) or 4 weeks (78% vs 56% for hAAT constructs and 64% vs 30% for LP1 constructs) post hepatic gene transfer. These studies demonstrate the feasibility of the use of this novel vector for potential gene therapy of hemophilia B.

Item Type: Editorials/Short Communications
Publication: Molecular Therapy
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Nature Publishing Group.
Keywords: AAV Vectors; DNA Viral Vectors; Hemophilia
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 06:22
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2013 06:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46816

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