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Probing hemoglobin confinement inside submicron silica tubes using synchrotron SAXS and electrochemical response

Mandal, Soumit S and Nagarajan, Brindha and Amenitsch, H and Bhattacharyya, Aninda J (2013) Probing hemoglobin confinement inside submicron silica tubes using synchrotron SAXS and electrochemical response. In: European Biophysics Journal, 42 (5). pp. 371-382.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00249-013-0886-0


The configuration of hemoglobin in solution and confined inside silica nanotubes has been studied using synchrotron small angle X-ray scattering and electrochemical activity. Confinement inside submicron tubes of silica aid in preventing protein aggregation, which is vividly observed for unconfined protein in solution. The radius of gyration (R-g) and size polydispersity (p) of confined hemoglobin was found to be lower than that in solution. This was also recently demonstrated in case of confined hemoglobin inside layered polymer capsules. The confined hemoglobin displayed a higher thermal stability with Rg and p showing negligible changes in the temperature range 25-75 degrees C. The differences in configuration between the confined and unconfined protein were reflected in their electrochemical activity. Reversible electrochemical response (from cyclic voltammograms) obtained in case of the confined hemoglobin, in contrary to the observance of only a cathodic response for the unconfined protein, gave direct indication of the differences between the residences of the electroactive heme center in a different orientation compared to that in solution state. The confined Hb showed loss of reversibility only at higher temperatures. The electron transfer coefficient (alpha) and electron transfer rate constant (k(s)) were also different, providing additional evidence regarding structural differences between the unconfined and confined states of hemoglobin. Thus, absence of any adverse effects due to confinement of proteins inside the inorganic matrices such as silica nanotubes opens up new prospects for utilizing inorganic matrices as protein ``encapsulators'', as well as sensors at varying temperatures.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: European Biophysics Journal
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Confinement; Biosensing; Hemoglobin; Electrochemistry; Synchrotron SAXS; Aggregation
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2013 06:03
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2013 06:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46795

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