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Synthesis of nanosized Ce0.85M0.1Ru0.05O2-delta (M = Si, Fe) solid solution exhibiting high CO oxidation and water gas shift activity

Shinde, Vijay M and Madras, Giridhar (2013) Synthesis of nanosized Ce0.85M0.1Ru0.05O2-delta (M = Si, Fe) solid solution exhibiting high CO oxidation and water gas shift activity. In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 138 . pp. 51-61.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2013.02.021

Abstract

Nanosized Ce0.85M0.1Ru0.05O2-delta (M = Si, Fe) has been synthesized using a low temperature sonication method and characterized using XRD, TEM, XPS and H-2-TPR. The potential application of both the solid solutions has been explored as exhaust catalysts by performing CO oxidation. The addition of Si- and Fe-in Ce0.95Ru0.05O2-delta greatly enhanced the reducibility of Ce0.85M0.1Ru0.05O2-delta (M = Si, Fe), as indicated by the H-2-TPR study. The oxygen storage capacity has been used to correlate surface oxygen reactivity to the CO oxidation activity. Both the compounds reversibly release lattice oxygen and exhibit excellent CO oxidation activity with 99% conversion below 200 degrees C. A bifunctional reaction mechanism involving CO oxidation by the extraction of lattice oxygen and rejuvenation of oxide vacancy with gas feed O-2 has been used to correlate experimental data. The performance of both the solid solutions has also been investigated for energy application by performing the water gas shift reaction. The present catalysts are highly active and selective towards the hydrogen production and a lack of methanation activity is an important finding of present study.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Solid Solution; Ceria Supported Catalyst; Oxygen Storage Capacity; CO Oxidation; Redox Mechanism; Water Gas Shift
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 05:40
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2013 05:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46776

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