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Distinctive contributions of the ribosomal P-site elements m(2)G966, m(5)C967 and the C-terminal tail of the S9 protein in the fidelity of initiation of translation in Escherichia coli

Arora, Smriti and Bhamidimarri, Satya Prathyusha and Bhattacharyya, Moitrayee and Govindan, Ashwin and Weber, Michael HW and Vishveshwara, Saraswathi and Varshney, Umesh (2013) Distinctive contributions of the ribosomal P-site elements m(2)G966, m(5)C967 and the C-terminal tail of the S9 protein in the fidelity of initiation of translation in Escherichia coli. In: Nucleic Acids Research, 41 (9). pp. 4963-4975.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkt175

Abstract

The accuracy of pairing of the anticodon of the initiator tRNA (tRNA(fMet)) and the initiation codon of an mRNA, in the ribosomal P-site, is crucial for determining the translational reading frame. However, a direct role of any ribosomal element(s) in scrutinizing this pairing is unknown. The P-site elements, m(2)G966 (methylated by RsmD), m(5)C967 (methylated by RsmB) and the C-terminal tail of the protein S9 lie in the vicinity of tRNA(fMet). We investigated the role of these elements in initiation from various codons, namely, AUG, GUG, UUG, CUG, AUA, AUU, AUC and ACG with tRNA(CAU)(fmet) (tRNA(fMet) with CAU anticodon); CAC and CAU with tRNA(GUG)(fme); UAG with tRNA(GAU)(fMet) using in vivo and computational methods. Although RsmB deficiency did not impact initiation from most codons, RsmD deficiency increased initiation from AUA, CAC and CAU (2- to 3.6-fold). Deletion of the S9 C-terminal tail resulted in poorer initiation from UUG, GUG and CUG, but in increased initiation from CAC, CAU and UAC codons (up to 4-fold). Also, the S9 tail suppressed initiation with tRNA(CAU)(fMet)lacking the 3GC base pairs in the anticodon stem. These observations suggest distinctive roles of 966/967 methylations and the S9 tail in initiation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Oxford University Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2013 04:56
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2013 04:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46725

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