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Evaluation of carbon dioxide blends with isopentane and propane as working fluids for organic Rankine cycles

Garg, Pardeep and Kumar, Pramod and Srinivasan, Kandadai and Dutta, Pradip (2013) Evaluation of carbon dioxide blends with isopentane and propane as working fluids for organic Rankine cycles. In: Applied Thermal Engineering, 52 (2). pp. 439-448.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2012.11...


The main theme of this paper is to study the flammability suppression of hydrocarbons by blending with carbon dioxide, and to evaluate these mixtures as possible working fluids in organic Rankine cycle for medium temperature concentrated solar power applications. The analysis takes into account inevitable irreversibilities in the turbine, the pump, and heat exchangers. While the isopentane + CO2 mixture suffers from high irreversibility mainly in the regenerator owing to a large temperature glide, the propane + CO2 mixture performs more or less the same as pure propane albeit with high cycle pressures. In general, large temperature glides at condensing pressures extend the heat recovery into the two-phase dome, which is an advantage. However, at the same time, the shift of the pinch point towards the warm end of the regenerator is found to be a major cause of irreversibility. In fact, as the number of carbon atoms in alkanes decreases, their blend with CO2 moves the pinch point to the colder end of the regenerator. This results in lower entropy generation in the regenerator and improved cycle efficiency of propane + CO2 mixtures. With this mixture, real cycle efficiencies of 15-18% are achievable at a moderate source temperature of 573 K. Applicability for a wide range of source temperatures is found to be an added advantage of this mixture.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Isopentane; Propane; CO2; Mixtures; Organic Rankine Cycle; Transcritical Cycle
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 07:30
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2013 07:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46646

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