ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Processing of DNA double-stranded breaks and intermediates of recombination and repair by saccharomyces cerevisiae Mre11 and its stimulation by Rad50, Xrs2, and Sae2 proteins

Ghodke, Indrajeet and Muniyappa, K (2013) Processing of DNA double-stranded breaks and intermediates of recombination and repair by saccharomyces cerevisiae Mre11 and its stimulation by Rad50, Xrs2, and Sae2 proteins. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 288 (16). pp. 11273-11286.

[img] PDF
J_Biol_Chem_288-16_11273_2013.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (4MB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF
JBC_2012_439315_Supplementary_Information_.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (677kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M112.439315

Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD50, MRE11, and XRS2 genes are essential for telomere length maintenance, cell cycle checkpoint signaling, meiotic recombination, and DNA double-stranded break (DSB) repair via nonhomologous end joining and homologous recombination. The DSB repair pathways that draw upon Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 subunits are complex, so their mechanistic features remain poorly understood. Moreover, the molecular basis of DSB end resection in yeast mre11-nuclease deficient mutants and Mre11 nuclease-independent activation of ATM in mammals remains unknown and adds a new dimension to many unanswered questions about the mechanism of DSB repair. Here, we demonstrate that S. cerevisiae Mre11 (ScMre11) exhibits higher binding affinity for single-over double-stranded DNA and intermediates of recombination and repair and catalyzes robust unwinding of substrates possessing a 3' single-stranded DNA overhang but not of 5' overhangs or blunt-ended DNA fragments. Additional evidence disclosed that ScMre11 nuclease activity is dispensable for its DNA binding and unwinding activity, thus uncovering the molecular basis underlying DSB end processing in mre11 nuclease deficient mutants. Significantly, Rad50, Xrs2, and Sae2 potentiate the DNA unwinding activity of Mre11, thus underscoring functional interaction among the components of DSB end repair machinery. Our results also show that ScMre11 by itself binds to DSB ends, then promotes end bridging of duplex DNA, and directly interacts with Sae2. We discuss the implications of these results in the context of an alternative mechanism for DSB end processing and the generation of single-stranded DNA for DNA repair and homologous recombination.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Keywords: DNA Damage Response; DNA Repair; DNA-Protein Interaction; Molecular Cell Biology; Yeast Genetics
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 07:44
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2013 07:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46645

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item