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Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutT1 (Rv2985) and ADPRase (Rv1700) proteins constitute a two-stage mechanism of 8-Oxo-dGTP and 8-Oxo-GTP detoxification and adenosine to cytidine mutation avoidance

Patil, Aravind Goud G and Sang, Pau Biak and Govindan, Ashwin and Varshney, Umesh (2013) Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutT1 (Rv2985) and ADPRase (Rv1700) proteins constitute a two-stage mechanism of 8-Oxo-dGTP and 8-Oxo-GTP detoxification and adenosine to cytidine mutation avoidance. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 288 (16). pp. 11252-11262.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M112.442566

Abstract

Approximately one third of the world population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis. A better understanding of the pathogen biology is crucial to develop new tools/strategies to tackle its spread and treatment. In the host macrophages, the pathogen is exposed to reactive oxygen species, known to damage dGTP and GTP to 8-oxo-dGTP and 8-oxo-GTP, respectively. Incorporation of the damaged nucleotides in nucleic acids is detrimental to organisms. MutT proteins, belonging to a class of Nudix hydrolases, hydrolyze 8-oxo-G nucleoside triphosphates/diphosphates to the corresponding nucleoside monophosphates and sanitize the nucleotide pool. Mycobacteria possess several MutT proteins. However, a functional homolog of Escherichia coli MutT has not been identified. Here, we characterized MtuMutT1 and Rv1700 proteins of M. tuberculosis. Unlike other MutT proteins, MtuMutT1 converts 8-oxo-dGTP to 8-oxo-dGDP, and 8-oxo-GTP to 8-oxo-GDP. Rv1700 then converts them to the corresponding nucleoside monophosphates. This observation suggests the presence of a two-stage mechanism of 8-oxo-dGTP/8-oxo-GTP detoxification in mycobacteria. MtuMutT1 converts 8-oxo-dGTP to 8-oxo-dGDP with a K-m of similar to 50 mu M and V-max of similar to 0.9 pmol/min per ng of protein, and Rv1700 converts 8-oxo-dGDP to 8-oxo-dGMP with a K-m of similar to 9.5 mu M and V-max of similar to 0.04 pmol/min per ng of protein. Together, MtuMutT1 and Rv1700 offer maximal rescue to E. coli for its MutT deficiency by decreasing A to C mutations (a hallmark of MutT deficiency). We suggest that the concerted action of MtuMutT1 and Rv1700 plays a crucial role in survival of bacteria against oxidative stress.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Keywords: DNA Enzymes; Enzyme Kinetics; Genetics; HPLC; Mass Spectrometry (MS); Oxidative Stress; Drug Target; MutT; Mutation Spectrum; Nudix Hydrolases
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 07:43
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2013 07:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46644

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