ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Regulation of Chemokines, CCL3 and CCL4, by interferon gamma and Nitric oxide synthase 2 in mouse macrophages and during Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium infection

Chandrasekar, Bhagawat and Deobagkar-Lele, Mukta and Victor, Emmanuel S and Nandi, Dipankar (2013) Regulation of Chemokines, CCL3 and CCL4, by interferon gamma and Nitric oxide synthase 2 in mouse macrophages and during Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium infection. In: Journal of Infectious Diseases, 207 (10). pp. 1556-1568.

[img] PDF
jl_inf_dis_207-10_1556_2013.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (760kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1093/infdis/jit067

Abstract

Background. Interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) increases the expression of multiple genes and responses; however, the mechanisms by which IFN-gamma downmodulates cellular responses is not well understood. In this study, the repression of CCL3 and CCL4 by IFN-gamma and nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2) in macrophages and upon Salmonella typhimurium infection of mice was investigated. Methods. Small molecule regulators and adherent peritoneal exudates cells (A-PECs) from Nos2(-/-)mice were used to identify the contribution of signaling molecules during IFN-gamma-mediated in vitro regulation of CCL3, CCL4, and CXCL10. In addition, infection of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) and mice (C57BL/6, Ifn-gamma(-/), and Nos2(-/-)) with S. typhimurium were used to gain an understanding of the in vivo regulation of these chemokines. Results. IFN-gamma repressed CCL3 and CCL4 in a signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1)-NOS2-p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38MAPK)-activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) dependent pathway in A-PECs. Also, during intracellular replication of S. typhimurium in BMDMs, IFN-gamma and NOS2 repressed CCL3 and CCL4 production. The physiological roles of these observations were revealed during oral infection of mice with S. typhimurium, wherein endogenous IFN-gamma and NOS2 enhanced serum amounts of tumor necrosis factor alpha and CXCL10 but repressed CCL3 and CCL4. Conclusions. This study sheds novel mechanistic insight on the regulation of CCL3 and CCL4 in mouse macrophages and during S. typhimurium oral infection.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Oxford University Press Inc.
Keywords: Interferon Gamma; Nitric Oxide; Nitric Oxide Synthase 2; Macrophages; Infection; Chemokines; Cytokine
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 07:28
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2013 10:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46635

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item