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A possible connection between antidiabetic and antilipemic properties of psoralea corylifolia seeds and the trace elements present: a LIBS based study

Dhar, Preeti and Gembitsky, Igor and Rai, Prashant Kumar and Rai, Nilesh K and Rai, AK and Watal, Geeta (2013) A possible connection between antidiabetic and antilipemic properties of psoralea corylifolia seeds and the trace elements present: a LIBS based study. In: Food Biophysics, 8 (2). pp. 95-103.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11483-012-9280-1

Abstract

Psoralea corylifolia (PC), a medicinal plant, is used in traditional medicine to treat diabetes. Purpose of the research was to examine the antidiabetic and antilipemic potential of PC and to determine the relationship between its antidiabetic potential and the trace elements present. Wistar rats (150-200 g) with fasting blood glucose (FBG) of 80-110 mg dl(-1)(sub-diabetic) and 150-200 mg dl(-1)(mild diabetic) were selected for the short term antidiabetic studies and severely diabetic rats (FBG > 300 mg dl(-1)) were chosen for the long term antidiabetic and hypolipemic studies of PC seed extract. Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was used to detect trace elements in the PC extract and the intensity ratios of trace elements were estimated. The dose of 250 mg kg(-1) of PC extract was found to be the most effective in lowering blood glucose level (BGL) of normal, sub, mild and severely diabetic rats during FBG and glucose tolerance test (GTT) studies. Lipid profile studies on severely diabetic rats showed substantial reduction in total cholesterol, triglycerides, very low density lipoprotein, and low density lipoprotein and an increase in the total protein, body weight, high density lipoprotein, and hemoglobin after 28 days of treatment. Significant reduction in urine sugar and protein levels was also observed. LIBS analysis of the PC extract revealed the presence of Mg, Si, Na, K, Ca, Zn and Cl. The study validates the traditional use of PC in the treatment of diabetes and confirms its antilipemic potential. The antidiabetic activity of PC extract may partly be due to the presence of appreciable amounts of insulin potentiating elements like Mg, Ca, and K.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Psoralea Corylifolia; Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy; Streptozotocin; Hypoglycemia; Hypolipemia; Diabetes
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 30 May 2013 11:00
Last Modified: 30 May 2013 11:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46595

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