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Gene expression in osteoblast cells treated with submicron to nanometer hydroxyapatite-mullite eluate particles

Kalmodia, Sushma and Basu, Bikramjit and Webster, Thomas J (2013) Gene expression in osteoblast cells treated with submicron to nanometer hydroxyapatite-mullite eluate particles. In: JOURNAL OF BIOMATERIALS APPLICATIONS, 27 (7). pp. 891-908.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0885328211430422

Abstract

The present research focused on determining the effect of hydroxyapatite-20 wt% mullite (H20M) particle eluates on apoptosis and differentiation of human fetal osteoblast (hFOB) cells. The H20M particles (257 +/- 37 nm) were prepared, starting with the production of a nanocomposite using a unique route of spark plasma sintering, followed by a repeated grinding-cryo treatment and elution process. Tetrazolium based cytotoxicity assay results showed a time-and dose-dependent effect of H20M particle eluates on hFOB cytotoxicity. In particular, the results revealed statistically reduced cell viability after hFOB were exposed to the above 10% H20M (257 +/- 37 nm) eluates for 48 h. The apoptotic cell death triggered by H20M treatment was proven by the analysis of molecular markers of apoptosis, that is, the Bcl-2 family of genes. hFOB expression of Bcl-xL and Bcl-xS significantly increased 25.6- and 25.2-fold for 50% of H20M concentrations, respectively. The ratio of Bcl-xL/Bax (4.01) decreased 2-fold for hFOB exposed to 100% of H20M eluates than that for 10% H20M eluate (7.94) treated hFOB cells. On the other hand, the Bcl-xS/Bax ratio for the 10% H20M eluate was 4.15-fold, whereas for 100% H20M eluates, it was 11.55-fold. Specifically, the anti-apoptotic effect of the H20M particle eluates was corroborated by the up-regulation of bone cell differentiation marker genes such as, collagen type I, cbfa, and osteocalcin. In summary, the present work clearly demonstrated that H20M submicron to nanometer composite particle eluates have a minimal effect on hFOB apoptosis and can even up-regulate the expression of bone cell markers at the molecular level.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, ENGLAND.
Keywords: Hydroxyapatite; mullite; particles; osteoblasts; gene expression; Bcl; Bax; osteocalcin; collagen type I; cbfa; in vitro
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 14 May 2013 07:46
Last Modified: 20 May 2013 06:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46500

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