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Influence of tool rotation speed and feed rate on the forming limit of friction stir welded AA6061-T6 sheets

Ramulu, Perumalla Janaki and Kailas, Satish V and Narayanan, Ganesh R (2013) Influence of tool rotation speed and feed rate on the forming limit of friction stir welded AA6061-T6 sheets. In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART C-JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE, 227 (C3). pp. 520-541.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0954406212463996

Abstract

In this study, the influence of tool rotation speed and feed rate on the forming limit of friction stir welded Al 6061-T651 sheets has been investigated. The forming limit curve was evaluated by limit dome height test performed on all the friction stir welded sheets. The welding trials were conducted at a tool rotation speed of 1300 and 1400 r/min and feed rate of 90 and 100 mm/min. A third trial of welding was performed at a rotational speed of 1500 r/min and feed rate 120 mm/min. It is found that with increase in the tool rotation speed, from 1300 to 1400 r/min, for a constant feed rate, the forming limit of friction stir welded blank has improved and with increase in feed rate, from 90 to 100 mm/min, for a constant tool rotation speed, it has decreased. The forming limit of friction stir welded sheets is better than unwelded sheets. The thickness gradient after forming is severe in the cases of friction stir welded blanks made at higher feed rate and lower rotation speed. The strain hardening exponent of weld (n) increases with increase in tool rotation speed and it decreases with increase in feed rate. It has been demonstrated that the change in the forming limit of friction stir welded sheets with respect to welding parameters is due to the thickness distribution severity and strain hardening exponent of the weld region during forming. There is not much variation in the dome height among the friction stir welded sheets tested. When compared with unwelded sheets, dome height of friction stir welded sheets is higher in near-plane-strain condition, but it is lesser in stretching strain paths.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, ENGLAND.
Keywords: Forming limit strains; friction stir welding; rotation speed; feed rate
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2013 06:25
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2013 06:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46474

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