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Geometry of static balancing during posture transition

Reddi, Sarath and Sen, Dibakar (2011) Geometry of static balancing during posture transition. In: First International Symposium on Digital Human Modeling (DHM2011), 2011, Lyon, France.

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Abstract

The interaction between the digital human model (DHM) and environment typically occurs in two distinct modes; one, when the DHM maintains contacts with the environment using its self weight, wherein associated reaction forces at the interface due to gravity are unidirectional; two, when the DHM applies both tension and compression on the environment through anchoring. For static balancing in first mode of interaction, it is sufficient to maintain the projection of the centre of mass (COM) inside the convex region induced by the weight supporting segments of the body on a horizontal plane. In DHM, static balancing is required while performing specified tasks such as reach, manipulation and locomotion; otherwise the simulations would not be realistic. This paper establishes the geometric relationships that must be satisfied for maintaining static balance while altering the support configurations for a given posture and altering the posture for a given support condition. For a given location of the COM for a system supported by multiple point contacts, the conditions for simultaneous withdrawal of a specified set of contacts have been determined in terms of the convex hulls of the subsets of the points of contact. When the projection of COM must move beyond the existing support for performing some task, new supports must be enabled for maintaining static balance. This support seeking behavior could also manifest while planning for reduction of support stresses. Feasibility of such a support depends upon the availability of necessary features in the environment. Geometric conditions necessary for selection of new support on horizontal,inclined and vertical surfaces within the workspace of the DHM for such dynamic scenario have been derived. The concepts developed are demonstrated using the cases of sit-to-stand posture transition for manipulation of COM within the convex supporting polygon, and statically stable walking gaits for support seeking within the kinematic capabilities of the DHM. The theory developed helps in making the DHM realize appropriate behaviors in diverse scenarios autonomously.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to University of Lyon
Keywords: Static Balancing; Centre of Mass; Posture Transition; Digital Human Models
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Product Design & Manufacturing
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 08 May 2013 06:13
Last Modified: 08 May 2013 06:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46350

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