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An Inhibitor of Nonhomologous End-Joining Abrogates Double-Strand Break Repair and Impedes Cancer Progression

Srivastava, Mrinal and Nambiar, Mridula and Sharma, Sheetal and Karki, Subhas S and Goldsmith, G and Hegde, Mahesh and Kumar, Sujeet and Pandey, Monica and Singh, Ram K and Ray, Pritha and Natarajan, Renuka and Kelkar, Madhura and De, Abhijit and Choudhary, Bibha and Raghavan, Sathees C (2012) An Inhibitor of Nonhomologous End-Joining Abrogates Double-Strand Break Repair and Impedes Cancer Progression. In: CELL, 151 (7). pp. 1474-1487.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2012.11.054

Abstract

DNA Ligase IV is responsible for sealing of double-strand breaks (DSBs) during nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ). Inhibiting Ligase IV could result in amassing of DSBs, thereby serving as a strategy toward treatment of cancer. Here, we identify a molecule, SCR7 that inhibits joining of DSBs in cell-free repair system. SCR7 blocks Ligase IV-mediated joining by interfering with its DNA binding but not that of T4 DNA Ligase or Ligase I. SCR7 inhibits NHEJ in a Ligase IV-dependent manner within cells, and activates the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. More importantly, SCR7 impedes tumor progression in mouse models and when coadministered with DSB-inducing therapeutic modalities enhances their sensitivity significantly. This inhibitor to target NHEJ offers a strategy toward the treatment of cancer and improvement of existing regimens.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to CELL PRESS, CAMBRIDGE, USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2013 12:19
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2013 12:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45728

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