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Curcumin reduces the antimicrobial activity of ciprofloxacin against Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Typhi

Marathe, Sandhya A and Kumar, Rupesh and Ajitkumar, Parthasarathi and Nagaraja, Valakunja and Chakravortty, Dipshikha (2013) Curcumin reduces the antimicrobial activity of ciprofloxacin against Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Typhi. In: JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY, 68 (1). pp. 139-152.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dks375

Abstract

Typhoidal and non-typhoidal infection by Salmonella is a serious threat to human health. Ciprofloxacin is the last drug of choice to clear the infection. Ciprofloxacin, a gyrase inhibitor, kills bacteria by inducing chromosome fragmentation, SOS response and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the bacterial cell. Curcumin, an active ingredient from turmeric, is a major dietary molecule among Asians and possesses medicinal properties. Our research aimed at investigating whether curcumin modulates the action of ciprofloxacin. We investigated the role of curcumin in interfering with the antibacterial action of ciprofloxacin in vitro and in vivo. RTPCR, DNA fragmentation and confocal microscopy were used to investigate the modulation of ciprofloxacin-induced SOS response, DNA damage and subsequent filamentation by curcumin. Chemiluminescence and nitroblue tetrazolium reduction assays were performed to assess the interference of curcumin with ciprofloxacin-induced ROS. DNA binding and cleavage assays were done to understand the rescue of ciprofloxacin-mediated gyrase inhibition by curcumin. Curcumin interferes with the action of ciprofloxacin thereby increasing the proliferation of Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Typhimurium in macrophages. In a murine model of typhoid fever, mice fed with curcumin had an increased bacterial burden in the reticuloendothelial system and succumbed to death faster. This was brought about by the inhibition of ciprofloxacin-mediated downstream signalling by curcumin. The antioxidant property of curcumin is crucial in protecting Salmonella against the oxidative burst induced by ciprofloxacin or interferon (IFN), a pro-inflammatory cytokine. However, curcumin is unable to rescue ciprofloxacin-induced gyrase inhibition. Curcumins ability to hinder the bactericidal action of ciprofloxacin and IFN might significantly augment Salmonella pathogenesis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to OXFORD UNIV PRESS, ENGLAND
Keywords: antioxidant;gyrase;reactive oxygen species;interferon
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2013 12:45
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 12:45
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45685

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