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Stability of Adult Emergence and Activity/Rest Rhythms in Fruit Flies Drosophila melanogaster under Semi-Natural Condition

Kannan, Nisha N and Varma, Vishwanath and De, Joydeep and Sharma, Vijay Kumar (2012) Stability of Adult Emergence and Activity/Rest Rhythms in Fruit Flies Drosophila melanogaster under Semi-Natural Condition. In: PLOS ONE, 7 (11).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050379

Abstract

Here we report the results of a study aimed at examining stability of adult emergence and activity/rest rhythms under seminatural conditions (henceforth SN), in four large outbred fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster populations, selected for emergence in a narrow window of time under laboratory (henceforth LAB) light/dark (LD) cycles. When assessed under LAB, selected flies display enhanced stability in terms of higher amplitude, synchrony and accuracy in emergence and activity rhythms compared to controls. The present study was conducted to assess whether such differences in stability between selected and control populations, persist under SN where several gradually changing time-cues are present in their strongest form. The study revealed that under SN, emergence waveform of selected flies was modified, with even more enhanced peak and narrower gate-width compared to those observed in the LAB and compared to control populations in SN. Furthermore, flies from selected populations continued to exhibit enhanced synchrony and accuracy in their emergence and activity rhythms under SN compared to controls. Further analysis of zeitgeber effects revealed that enhanced stability in the rhythmicity of selected flies under SN was primarily due to increased sensitivity to light because emergence and activity rhythms of selected flies were as stable as controls under temperature cycles. These results thus suggest that stability of circadian rhythms in fruit flies D. melanogaster, which evolved as a consequence of selection for emergence in a narrow window of time under weak zeitgeber condition of LAB, persists robustly in the face of day-to-day variations in cycling environmental factors of nature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE, USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2013 06:20
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2013 06:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45676

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