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Decentralised carbon footprint analysis for opting climate change mitigation strategies in India

Ramachandra, TV and Shwetmala, * (2012) Decentralised carbon footprint analysis for opting climate change mitigation strategies in India. In: RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, 16 (8). pp. 5820-5833.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.05.035

Abstract

Carbon footprint (CF) refers to the total amount of carbon dioxide and its equivalents emitted due to various anthropogenic activities. Carbon emission and sequestration inventories have been reviewed sector-wise for all federal states in India to identify the sectors and regions responsible for carbon imbalances. This would help in implementing appropriate climate change mitigation and management strategies at disaggregated levels. Major sectors of carbon emissions in India are through electricity generation, transport, domestic energy consumption, industries and agriculture. A majority of carbon storage occurs in forest biomass and soil. This paper focuses on the statewise carbon emissions (CO2. CO and CH4), using region specific emission factors and statewise carbon sequestration capacity. The estimate shows that CO2, CO and CH4 emissions from India are 965.9, 22.5 and 16.9 Tg per year, respectively. Electricity generation contributes 35.5% of total CO2 emission, which is followed by the contribution from transport. Vehicular transport exclusively contributes 25.5% of total emission. The analysis shows that Maharashtra emits higher CO2, followed by Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. The carbon status, which is the ratio of annual carbon storage against carbon emission, for each federal state is computed. This shows that small states and union territories (UT) like Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, where carbon sequestration is higher due to good vegetation cover, have carbon status > 1. Annually, 7.35% of total carbon emissions get stored either in forest biomass or soil, out of which 34% is in Arunachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Orissa. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, ENGLAND
Keywords: Carbon footprint (CF);Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions;Carbon storage;Climate change in India;Carbon capture;Renewable energy
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Center for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP)
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2012 07:19
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2012 07:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45600

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