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Femtogram Detection of Explosive Nitroaromatics: Fluoranthene-Based Fluorescent Chemosensors

Venkatramaiah, N and Kumar, Shiv and Patil, Satish (2012) Femtogram Detection of Explosive Nitroaromatics: Fluoranthene-Based Fluorescent Chemosensors. In: CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 18 (46). pp. 14745-14751.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.201201764


Herein we report a novel fluoranthene-based fluorescent fluorophore 7,10-bis(4-bromophenyl)-8,9-bis4-(hexyloxy)phenyl]fluoranthene (S-3) and its remarkable properties in applications of explosive detection. The sensitivity towards the detection of nitroaromatics (NACs) was evaluated through fluorescence quenching in solution, vapor, and contact mode approaches. The contact mode approach using thin-layer silica chromatograp- hic plates exhibited a femtogram (1.15 fg cm(-2)) detection limit for trinitrotoluene (TNT) and picric acid (PA), whereas the solution-phase quenching showed PA detection at the 2-20 ppb level. Fluorescence lifetime measurements revealed that the quenching is static in nature and the quenching process is fully reversible. Binding energies between model binding sites of the S-3 and analyte compounds reveal that analyte molecules enter into the cavity created by substituted phenyl rings of fluoranthene and are stabilized by strong intermolecular interactions with alkyl chains. It is anticipated that the sensor S-3 could be a promising material for the construction of portable optical devices for the detection of onsite explosive nitroaromatics.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH,GERMANY
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2012 05:26
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2012 05:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45472

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