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Small-Angle Neutron-Scattering Studies of Mixed Micellar Structures Made of Dimeric Surfactants Having Imidazolium and Ammonium Headgroups

Pal, Asish and Datta, Sougata and Aswal, VK and Bhattacharya, Santanu (2012) Small-Angle Neutron-Scattering Studies of Mixed Micellar Structures Made of Dimeric Surfactants Having Imidazolium and Ammonium Headgroups. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 116 (44). pp. 13239-13247.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp304700t

Abstract

Planar imidazolium cation based gemini surfactants 16-Im-n-Im-16], 2Br(-) (where n = 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, and 12), exhibit different morphologies and internal packing arrangements by adopting different supramolecular assemblies in aqueous media depending on their number of spacer methylene units (CH2)(n). Detailed measurements of the small-angle neutron-scattering (SANS) cross sections from different imidazolium-based surfactant micelles in aqueous media (D2O) are reported. The SANS data, containing the information of aggregation behavior of such surfactants in the molecular level, have been analyzed on the basis of the Hayter and Penfold model for the macro ion solution to compute the interparticle structure factor S(Q) taking into account the screened Coulomb interactions between the dimeric surfactant micelles. The characteristic changes in the SANS spectra of the dimeric surfactant with n = 4 due to variation of temperature have also been investigated. These data are then compared with the SANS characterization data of the corresponding gemini micelles containing tetrahedral ammonium ion based polar headgroups. The critical micellar concentration of each surfactant micelle (cmc) has been determined using pyrene as an extrinsic fluorescence probe. The variation of cmc as a function of spacer chain length has been explained in terms of conformational variation and progressive looping of the spacer into the micellar interior upon increasing the n values. Small-angle neutron-scattering (SANS) cross sections from different mixed micelles composed of surfactants with ammonium headgroups, 16-A(0), 16-Am-n-Am-16], 2Br(-) (where n = 4), 16-I-0, and 16-Im-n-Im-16], 2Br(-) (where n = 4), in aqueous media (D2O) have also been analyzed. The aggregate composition matches with that predicted from the ideal mixing model.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to AMER CHEMICAL SOC, USA
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2012 08:59
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2012 08:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45466

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