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Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Molecules Adsorbed on Carbon-Doped TiO2 Obtained from Titanium Carbide: A Visible-Light-Assisted Renewable Substrate

Kiran, Vankayala and Sampath, Srinivasan (2012) Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Molecules Adsorbed on Carbon-Doped TiO2 Obtained from Titanium Carbide: A Visible-Light-Assisted Renewable Substrate. In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 4 (8). pp. 3818-3828.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/am300349k

Abstract

Titanium carbide (TiC) is an electrically conducting material with favorable electrochemical properties. In the present studies, carbon-doped TiO2 (C-TiO2) has been synthesized from TiC particles, as well as TiC films coated on stainless steel substrate via thermal annealing under various conditions. Several C-TiO2 substrates are synthesized by varying experimental, conditions and characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, photoluminescence, X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic techniques. C-TiO2 in the dry state (in powder form as well as in film form) is subsequently used as a substrate for enhancing Raman signals corresponding to 4-mercaptobenzoic acid and 4-nitrothiophenol by utilizing chemical enhancement based on charge-transfer interactions. Carbon, a nonmetal dopant in TiO2, improves the intensities of Raman signals, compared, to undoped TiO2. Significant dependence of Raman intensity on carbon doping is observed. Ameliorated performance obtained using C-TiO2 is attributed to the presence of surface defects that originate due to carbon as a dopant, which, in turn,, triggers charge transfer between TiO2 and analyte. The C-TiO2 substrates are subsequently regenerated for repetitive use by illuminating an analyte-adsorbed substrate with visible light for a period of 5 h.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the American Chemical Society
Keywords: titanium carbide;carbon doped TiO2;renewable Raman substrate; visible light
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: review EPrints Reviewer
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2012 07:38
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2012 07:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45173

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