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Parameter estimation of a two-horizon soil profile by combining crop canopy and surface soil moisture observations using GLUE

Sreelash, K and Sekhar, M and Ruiz, L and Tomer, SK and Guerif, M and Buis, S and Durand, P and Gascuel-Odoux, C (2012) Parameter estimation of a two-horizon soil profile by combining crop canopy and surface soil moisture observations using GLUE. In: JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 456 . pp. 57-67.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.06.012

Abstract

Estimation of soil parameters by inverse modeling using observations on either surface soil moisture or crop variables has been successfully attempted in many studies, but difficulties to estimate root zone properties arise when heterogeneous layered soils are considered. The objective of this study was to explore the potential of combining observations on surface soil moisture and crop variables - leaf area index (LAI) and above-ground biomass for estimating soil parameters (water holding capacity and soil depth) in a two-layered soil system using inversion of the crop model STICS. This was performed using GLUE method on a synthetic data set on varying soil types and on a data set from a field experiment carried out in two maize plots in South India. The main results were (i) combination of surface soil moisture and above-ground biomass provided consistently good estimates with small uncertainity of soil properties for the two soil layers, for a wide range of soil paramater values, both in the synthetic and the field experiment, (ii) above-ground biomass was found to give relatively better estimates and lower uncertainty than LAI when combined with surface soil moisture, especially for estimation of soil depth, (iii) surface soil moisture data, either alone or combined with crop variables, provided a very good estimate of the water holding capacity of the upper soil layer with very small uncertainty whereas using the surface soil moisture alone gave very poor estimates of the soil properties of the deeper layer, and (iv) using crop variables alone (else above-ground biomass or LAI) provided reasonable estimates of the deeper layer properties depending on the soil type but provided poor estimates of the first layer properties. The robustness of combining observations of the surface soil moisture and the above-ground biomass for estimating two layer soil properties, which was demonstrated using both synthetic and field experiments in this study, needs now to be tested for a broader range of climatic conditions and crop types, to assess its potential for spatial applications. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Science
Keywords: Informal Bayesian method; LAI; Above-ground biomass; Water holding capacity; Zea mays; Peninsular India
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: review EPrints Reviewer
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2012 11:47
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2012 11:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45169

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