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Performance of inherently compensated flat pad aerostatic bearings subject to dynamic perturbation forces

Bhat, Nikhil and Kumar, Senthil and Tan, Wayne and Narasimhan, Ramarthinam and Low, Tsu Chuin (2012) Performance of inherently compensated flat pad aerostatic bearings subject to dynamic perturbation forces. In: PRECISION ENGINEERING-JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETIES FOR PRECISION ENGINEERING AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 36 (3). pp. 399-407.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.precisioneng.2012.01.0...


The importance of air bearing design is growing in engineering. As the trend to precision and ultra precision manufacture gains pace and the drive to higher quality and more reliable products continues, the advantages which can be gained from applying aerostatic bearings to machine tools, instrumentation and test rigs is becoming more apparent. The inlet restrictor design is significant for air bearings because it affects the static and dynamic performance of the air bearing. For instance pocketed orifice bearings give higher load capacity as compared to inherently compensated orifice type bearings, however inherently compensated orifices, also known as laminar flow restrictors are known to give highly stable air bearing systems (less prone to pneumatic hammer) as compared to pocketed orifice air bearing systems. However, they are not commonly used because of the difficulties encountered in manufacturing and assembly of the orifice designs. This paper aims to analyse the static and dynamic characteristics of inherently compensated orifice based flat pad air bearing system. Based on Reynolds equation and mass conservation equation for incompressible flow, the steady state characteristics are studied while the dynamic state characteristics are performed in a similar manner however, using the above equations for compressible flow. Steady state experiments were also performed for a single orifice air bearing and the results are compared to that obtained from theoretical studies. A technique to ease the assembly of orifices with the air bearing plate has also been discussed so as to make the manufacturing of the inherently compensated bearings more commercially viable. (c) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier
Keywords: Air bearing; Static and dynamic performance; Inherent compensation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2012 10:09
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2012 10:10
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/44678

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