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Molecular Identification and Phylogeny of Bactrocera Species (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Asokan, R and Rebijith, KB and Singh, Shakti K and Sidhu, AS and Siddharthan, S and Karanth, Praveen K and Ellango, R and Ramamurthy, VV (2011) Molecular Identification and Phylogeny of Bactrocera Species (Diptera: Tephritidae). In: Florida Entomologist, 94 (4). pp. 1026-1035.

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Official URL: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1653/024.094.044...


Fruit flies that belong to the genus Bactrocera (Diptera: Tephritidae) are major invasive pests of agricultural crops in Asia and Australia. Increased transboundary movement of agricultural produce has resulted in the chance introduction of many invasive species that include Bactrocera mainly as immature stages. Therefore quick and accurate species diagnosis is important at the port of entry, where morphological identification has a limited role, as it requires the presence of adult specimens and the availability of a specialist. Unfortunately when only immature stages are present, a lacunae in their taxonomy impedes accurate species diagnosis. At this juncture, molecular species diagnostics based on COX-I have become handy, because diagnosis is not limited by developmental stages. Yet another method of quick and accurate species diagnosis for Bactrocera spp. is based on the development of species-specific markers. This study evaluated the utility of COX-I for the quick and accurate species diagnosis of eggs, larvae, pupae and adults of B. zonata Saunders, B. tau Walker, and B. dorsalis Hendel. Furthermore the utility of species-specific markers in differentiating B. zonata (500bp) and B. tau (220bp) was shown. Phylogenetic relationships among five subgenera, viz., Austrodacus, Bactrocera, Daculus, Notodacus and Zeugodacus have been resolved employing the 5' region of COX-I (1490-2198); where COX-I sequences for B. dorsalis Hendel, B. tau Walker, B. correcta Bezzi and B. zonata Saunders from India were compared with other NCBI-GenBank accessions. Phylogenetic analysis employing Maximum Parsimony (MP) and Bayesian phylogenetic approach (BP) showed that the subgenus Bactrocera is monophyletic.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Florida Entomologist
Publisher: Florida Entomological Society
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Florida Entomological Society.
Keywords: Bactrocera;COX-I;species-specific marker;Bayesian phylogeny; monophyletic
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2012 09:06
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2012 09:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/43449

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