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Impact-Angle-Constrained Suboptimal Model Predictive Static Programming Guidance of Air-to-Ground Missiles

Oza, Harshal B and Padhi, Radhakant (2012) Impact-Angle-Constrained Suboptimal Model Predictive Static Programming Guidance of Air-to-Ground Missiles. In: Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 35 (1). pp. 153-164.

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A nonlinear suboptimal guidance law is presented in this paper for successful interception of ground targets by air-launched missiles and guided munitions. The main feature of this guidance law is that it accurately satisfies terminal impact angle constraints in both azimuth as well as elevation simultaneously. In addition, it is capable of hitting the target with high accuracy as well as minimizing the lateral acceleration demand. The guidance law is synthesized using recently developed model predictive static programming (MPSP). Performance of the proposed MPSP guidance is demonstrated using three-dimensional (3-D) nonlinear engagement dynamics by considering stationary, moving, and maneuvering targets. Effectiveness of the proposed guidance has also been verified by considering first. order autopilot lag as well as assuming inaccurate information about target maneuvers. Multiple munitions engagement results are presented as well. Moreover, comparison studies with respect to an augmented proportional navigation guidance (which does not impose impact angle constraints) as well as an explicit linear optimal guidance (which imposes the same impact angle constraints in 3-D) lead to the conclusion that the proposed MPSP guidance is superior to both. A large number of randomized simulation studies show that it also has a larger capture region.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2012 12:21
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2012 12:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/43387

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