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An Overview of Homogenization

Nandakumaran, AK (2007) An Overview of Homogenization. In: Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, 87 (4).

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Homogenization of partial differential equations is relatively a new area and has tremendous applications in various branches of engineering sciences like: material science,porous media, study of vibrations of thin structures, composite materials to name a few. Though the material scientists and others had reasonable idea about the homogenization process, it was lacking a good mathematical theory till early seventies. The first proper mathematical procedure was developed in the seventies and later in the last 30 years or so it has flourished in various ways both application wise and mathematically. This is not a full survey article and on the other hand we will not be concentrating on a specialized problem. Indeed, we do indicate certain specialized problems of our interest without much details and that is not the main theme of the article. I plan to give an introductory presentation with the aim of catering to a wider audience. We go through few examples to understand homogenization procedure in a general perspective together with applications. We also present various mathematical techniques available and if possible some details about some of the techniques. A possible definition of homogenization would be that it is a process of understanding a heterogeneous (in-homogeneous) media, where the heterogeneties are at the microscopic level, like in composite materials, by a homogeneous media. In other words, one would like to obtain a homogeneous description of a highly oscillating in-homogeneous media. We also present other generalizations to non linear problems, porous media and so on. Finally, we will like to see a closely related issue of optimal bounds which itself is an independent area of research.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of the Indian Institute of Science
Publisher: The Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The Indian Institute of Science (IISc).
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Mathematics
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2012 06:09
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2012 06:09
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/43362

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