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Nature and Properties of a Repulsive Fermi Gas in the Upper Branch of the Energy Spectrum

Shenoy, Vijay B and Ho, Tin-Lun (2011) Nature and Properties of a Repulsive Fermi Gas in the Upper Branch of the Energy Spectrum. In: Physical Review Letters, 107 (21).

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Official URL: http://prl.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v107/i21/e210401

Abstract

We generalize the Nozieres-Schmitt-Rink method to study the repulsive Fermi gas in the absence of molecule formation, i.e., in the so-called ``upper branch.'' We find that the system remains stable except close to resonance at sufficiently low temperatures. With increasing scattering length, the energy density of the system attains a maximum at a positive scattering length before resonance. This is shown to arise from Pauli blocking which causes the bound states of fermion pairs of different momenta to disappear at different scattering lengths. At the point of maximum energy, the compressibility of the system is substantially reduced, leading to a sizable uniform density core in a trapped gas. The change in spin susceptibility with increasing scattering length is moderate and does not indicate any magnetic instability. These features should also manifest in Fermi gases with unequal masses and/or spin populations.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The American Physical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2011 09:16
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2011 09:16
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/42775

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