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Dynamic and thermodynamic anomalies of water at low temperatures: from bulk water to reverse micelles and DNA hydration layer

Jana, Biman and Singh, Rakesh S and Biswas, Rajib and Bagchi, Biman (2011) Dynamic and thermodynamic anomalies of water at low temperatures: from bulk water to reverse micelles and DNA hydration layer. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 101 (7). pp. 900-922.

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Liquid water is known to exhibit remarkable thermodynamic and dynamic anomalies, ranging from solvation properties in supercritical state to an apparent divergence of the linear response functions at a low temperature. Anomalies in various dynamic properties of water have also been observed in the hydration layer of proteins, DNA grooves and inside the nanocavity, such as reverse micelles and nanotubes. Here we report studies on the molecular origin of these anomalies in supercooled water, in the grooves of DNA double helix and reverse micelles. The anomalies have been discussed in terms of growing correlation length and intermittent population fluctuation of 4- and 5-coordinated species. We establish correlation between thermodynamic response functions and mean squared species number fluctuation. Lifetime analysis of 4- and 5-coordinated species reveals interesting differences between the role of the two species in supercooled and constrained water. The nature and manifestations of the apparent and much discussed liquid-liquid transition under confinement are found to be markedly different from that in the bulk. We find an interesting `faster than bulk' relaxation in reverse micelles which we attribute to frustration effects created by competition between the correlations imposed by surface interactions and that imposed by hydrogen bond network of water.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Current Science (Bangalore)
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Dynamic and thermodynamic anomalies;DNA hydration layer; reverse micelles
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2011 11:58
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2011 11:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/42425

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