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Precise measurement of hyperfine intervals using avoided crossing of dressed states

Rapol, Umakant D and Natarajan, Vasant (2002) Precise measurement of hyperfine intervals using avoided crossing of dressed states. In: EPL: Europhysics Letters, 60 (2). pp. 195-200.

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Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0295-5075/60/2/195/


We demonstrate a technique for precisely measuring hyperfine intervals in alkali atoms. The atoms form a three-level system in the presence of a strong control laser and a weak probe laser. The dressed states created by the control laser show significant linewidth reduction. We have developed a technique for Doppler-free spectroscopy that enables the separation between the dressed states to be measured with high accuracy even in room temperature atoms. The states go through an avoided crossing as the detuning of the control laser is changed from positive to negative. By studying the separation as a function of detuning, the center of the level-crossing diagram is determined with high precision, which yields the hyperfine interval. Using room temperature Rb vapor, we obtain a precision of 44 kHz. This is a significant improvement over the current precision of similar to1 MHz.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to EDP Sciences.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Ms V Mangala
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2011 09:24
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2011 09:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/39360

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