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Ultrafast Microwave-Assisted Route to Surfactant-Free Ultrafine Pt Nanoparticles on Graphene: Synergistic Co-reduction Mechanism and High Catalytic Activity

Kundu, Paromita and Nethravathi, C and Deshpande, Parag A and Rajamathi, M and Madras, Giridhar and Ravishankar, N (2011) Ultrafast Microwave-Assisted Route to Surfactant-Free Ultrafine Pt Nanoparticles on Graphene: Synergistic Co-reduction Mechanism and High Catalytic Activity. In: Chemistry of Materials, 23 (11). pp. 2772-2780.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cm200329a

Abstract

We demonstrate an ultrafast method for the formation of, graphene supported Pt catalysts by the co-reduction of graphene oxide and Pt salt using ethylene glycol under microwave irradiation conditions. Detailed analysis of the mechanism of formation of the hybrids indicates a synergistic co-reduction mechanism whereby the presence of the Pt ions leads to a faster reduction of GO and the presence of the defect sites on the reduced GO serves as anchor points for the heterogeneous nucleation of Pt. The resulting hybrid consists of ultrafine nanoparticles of Pt uniformly distributed on the reduced GO susbtrate. We have shown that the hybrid exhibits good catalytic activity for methanol oxidation and hydrogen conversion reactions. The mechanism is general and applicable for the synthesis of other multifunctional hybrids based on graphene.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Keywords: microwave reduction;graphene;supported catalyst;ultrafine Pt; methanol oxidation
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2011 09:58
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2011 09:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/38641

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