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Role of Hetero-Halogen (F center dot center dot center dot X, X = Cl, Br, and I) or Homo-Halogen (X center dot center dot center dot X, X = F, Cl, Br, and I) Interactions in Substituted Benzanilides

Nayak, Susanta K and Reddy, Kishore M and Row, Tayur Guru N and Chopra, Deepak (2011) Role of Hetero-Halogen (F center dot center dot center dot X, X = Cl, Br, and I) or Homo-Halogen (X center dot center dot center dot X, X = F, Cl, Br, and I) Interactions in Substituted Benzanilides. In: Crystal Growth & Design, 11 (5). pp. 1578-1596.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cg101544z

Abstract

A series of halogen-substituted benzanilides have been synthesized and characterized, and crystallization studies directed toward generation of polymorphs have been performed to delineate the importance of interactions involving halogens. The effect of halogen substitution on the molecular conformation and supramolecular packing has been investigated. The N-H center dot center dot center dot O H-bond is a key structure-directing element acting in conjunction with C-H center dot center dot center dot O and C-H center dot center dot center dot pi interactions. In addition, it is of importance to note that organic fluorine prefers Type I F center dot center dot center dot F contacts, whereas Cl, Br, and I prefer Type II contacts. Hetero-halogen center dot center dot center dot halogen interactions on the other hand are predominately of Type II geometry, and this is due to the greater polarizability of the electron density associated with the heavier halogens. It is of importance to evaluate the contributing role of these interactions in crystal structure packing and the co-operativity associated with such interactions in the solid state.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2011 09:46
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2011 09:46
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/38637

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