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Limiting ionic conductance of symmetrical, rigid ions in aqueous solutions: Temperature dependence and solvent isotope effects

Biswas, Ranjit and Bagchi, Biman (1997) Limiting ionic conductance of symmetrical, rigid ions in aqueous solutions: Temperature dependence and solvent isotope effects. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 119 (25). pp. 5946-5953.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja970118o

Abstract

Limiting ionic conductance (Lambda(0)) of rigid symmetrical unipositive ions in aqueous solution shows a strong temperature dependence. For example, Lambda(0) more than doubles when the temperature is increased from 283 to 318 K. A marked variation also occurs when the solvent is changed from ordinary water (H2O) to heavy water (D2O). In addition, Lambda(0) shows a nonmonotonic size dependence with a skewed maximum near Cs+. Although these important results have been known for a long time, no satisfactory theoretical explanation exists for these results. In this article we present a simple molecular theory which provides a nearly quantitative explanation in terms of microscopic structure and dynamics of the solvent. A notable feature of this theory is that it does not invoke any nonquantifiable models involving solvent-berg or clatherates. We find the strong temperature dependence of Lambda(0) to arise from a rather large number of microscopic factors, each providing a small but nontrivial contribution, but all acting surprisingly in the same direction. This work, we believe, provides, for the first time, a satisfactory explanation of both the anomalous size and temperature dependencies of Lambda(0) of unipositive ions in molecular terms. The marked change in Lambda(0) as the solvent is changed from H2O to D2O is found to arise partly from a change in the dielectric relaxation and partly from a change in the effective interaction of the ion with the solvent.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Ms V Mangala
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2011 10:04
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2011 10:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/38286

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